Why You Don’t Need To Fear the Return of Adjustable-Rate Mortgages

Jen O'Hanlon, REALTOR®

08/28/23

Why You Don’t Need To Fear the Return of Adjustable-Rate Mortgages



If you remember the housing crash back in 2008, you may recall just how popular adjustable-rate mortgages (ARMs) were back then. And after years of being virtually nonexistent, more people are once again using ARMs when buying a home. We're breaking down why that’s happening and why this isn’t cause for concern in this week's blog. Additionally, check out Jen's recent video on the pros and cons of adjustable-rate mortgages for even more information.

Why ARMs Have Gained Popularity More Recently

This graph uses data from the Mortgage Bankers Association (MBA) to show how the percentage of adjustable-rate mortgages has increased over the past few years:



As the graph conveys, after hovering around 3% of all mortgages in 2021, many more homeowners turned to adjustable-rate mortgages again last year. There’s a simple explanation for that increase. Last year is when mortgage rates climbed dramatically. With higher borrowing costs, some homeowners decided to take out this type of loan because traditional borrowing costs were high, and an ARM gave them a lower rate. 

Martha's Vineyard Real Estate and ARMs

Martha's Vineyard, known for its stunning landscapes and exclusive communities, presents a unique real estate market. The island's allure has drawn in vacationers, second-home buyers and investors looking to make a smart purchase while renting out their property during the peak summer months. There are also many Island residents who are looking to get into the market but today's high interest rates are a big deterrent. In this context, adjustable-rate mortgages (ARMs) have also found their place on Martha's Vineyard.

Considering the upscale nature of the island's properties, affordability can be a challenge for many buyers. ARMs offer an option for individuals to enter the Martha's Vineyard real estate market with more manageable initial payments. This could be particularly relevant for those who plan to own a property on the island for a specific period as an investment or as a second home.

ARMs in Today’s Context

To put things into perspective, let’s remember these aren’t like the ARMs that became popular leading up to 2008. Part of what caused the housing crash was loose lending standards. Back then, when a buyer got an ARM, banks and lenders didn’t require proof of their employment, assets, income, etc. Basically, people were getting loans that they shouldn’t have been awarded. This set many homeowners up for trouble because they couldn’t pay back the loans that they never had to qualify for in the first place.

This time around, lending standards are different. Banks and lenders learned from the crash, and now they verify income, assets, employment, and more. This means today’s buyers actually have to qualify for their loans and show they’ll be able to repay them.

Archana Pradhan, Economist at CoreLogicexplains the difference between then and now:

“Around 60% of Adjustable-Rate Mortgages (ARM) that were originated in 2007 were low- or no-documentation loans . . . Similarly, in 2005, 29% of ARM borrowers had credit scores below 640 . . . Currently, almost all conventional loans, including both ARMs and Fixed-Rate Mortgages, require full documentation, are amortized, and are made to borrowers with credit scores above 640.”

In simple terms, Laurie Goodman at Urban Institute helps drive this point home by saying:

“Today’s Adjustable-Rate Mortgages are no riskier than other mortgage products and their lower monthly payments could increase access to homeownership for more potential buyers.”

Bottom Line
If you’re worried today’s adjustable-rate mortgages are like the ones from the housing crash, rest assured, things are different this time.
And, if you’re interested in exploring lending options for Martha's Vineyard or other unique real estate markets, and would like to learn more about how adjustable-rate mortgages could fit your plans, reach out to us so we can refer you to a trusted lender who understands the intricacies of the area. With careful consideration and expert guidance, you can make informed decisions that align with your homeownership goals.

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